Warts are almost known to everyone but not all people have them. Warts are small and rough bumps on the skin, usually on the hands and feet, which could last for quite some time. It is caused by a viral infection of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Although warts are generally common and can be easily cured with various ways like surgical wart removal, severe and rare cases could lead to cancer.
There are six classifications of the type of warts, the common wart which is a raised and rough wart common on hands and knees; the flat wart which is small and flattened, in tan or flesh color usually found on hands, neck, wrists, face and knee; digitate wart which is like a thread or finger that is common on the face especially on lips and eyelids; the plantar wart that is a hard and could be painful at times and have black specks, commonly found on the feet; the mosaic wart which is a group of clustered plantar type warts also common on the soles of the feet and hands; and the genital warts which are present on the genital areas.
Although warts are not usually painful, except in the case of plantar and mosaic warts, people have opted to have their warts be removed. In the market alone, there are several products and clinics that offer treatments designed to get rid of warts. There are also effective treatments that could be done at home. On the other hand, there are also ways of removing warts through minor surgical procedures if one opts to have them taken care of immediately.
Below are some of the surgical wart removal treatments done to get rid of warts:
Pulsed Dye Laser
With the pulsed dye laser, the hemoglobin on the blood vessels of the affected area of the wart is targeted. The heat then shuts off the blood vessel and in the process killing the warts. This will dry the wart and will eventually fall off.
Carbon Dioxide Laser
With the carbon dioxide laser treatment, the highly concentrated beam is formulated to vaporize the wart affected tissue. The laser was then used as a scalpel to cut the skin circularly to remove the wart and then the base of the wart is treated to be vaporized. This surgical wart removal treatment is effective even if its only done once with an average healing time of 4 to 5 weeks.
Another way of removing warts is the electrosurgery which is done on a medical facility and could only be conducted by a doctor. The surgical needle is heated with electricity in small amounts and this heated needle is then used to burn and destroy the wart. Others would let the wart fall off on its own but most doctors use a scalpel or a similar instrument in removing the burned wart, the process is called cutterage.
This surgical wart removal treatment is done by the topical application of liquid nitrogen on the wart. The initial effect of this treatment is that blisters appear between the outer layer of the skin and the wart itself. After some time, the liquid nitrogen freezes the wart causing the wart and the skin surrounding it to die and fall off. With the process of cryosurgery, the nitrogen liquid might sting a little and the affected area may turn white.
Although the surgical wart removal treatments mentioned are conducted by professional doctors, it is important to remember that not all kinds of warts could be dealt with using the treatments mentioned above. If the wart is a genital wart, it is a special case since the affected area is more sensitive.